Gum disease is one of the main reasons that adults lose teeth. When it comes to the prevention and treatment of periodontal (gum) disease, then there are several key things that you can do on a daily basis to lower the chances of the problem ever developing.
How Does Gum Disease Occur?
Gum disease is a direct result of the build up of plaque on the teeth. Plaque contains bacteria and over time the gums get infected, become red and swollen, and will have a tendency to bleed when brushing or flossing. If left untreated this problem will then develop into periodontitis and this can eventually lead to part of the jawbone decaying and tooth loss.
How is Periodontal Disease Prevented?
In order to prevent periodontal disease you must brush your teeth thoroughly twice a day with a fluoride based toothpaste and remember to floss as well. In addition, going to your regularly scheduled checkups and cleanings, and having a diet low in sugar, will ensure healthy teeth and gums.
What to do if you have Gum Disease
If you know you have gum disease, there are things that can be done to prevent it from spreading any further and causing teeth to fall out. In mild cases there will be a careful study of your oral hygiene methods to ensure your teeth are cleaned properly. Your dentist will remove the plaque and may prescribe a stronger fluoride based toothpaste.
If the problem is more severe, then antibiotics may be used along with painkillers and other methods to reduce the swelling as well as a mouthwash aimed at specifically dealing with this problem. Alternatively, root planing can be performed by the dentist or hygienist or additional surgery may be required to remove the diseased tissue.
Prevention and treatment is possible
Prevention and treatment of gum disease is entirely possible, but if you do have the problem it is important that it is treated immediately to prevent it from getting worse and potentially leading to you losing teeth or developing different health related problems.
If you have any questions about Gum Disease, please call us at 713-523-6848.